来自美国普林斯顿大学的研究人员发现他人更容易通过一个人的肢体语言来了解其强烈的情绪,而不是通过面部表情。

-2012年11月30日《科学》

中文翻译


【题目】肢体语言,而非面部表情可用来区别积极的和消极的情绪

【译文】积极和消极情绪的区别是情绪建模的关键。有趣地是,神经生物学的研究成果表明积极和消极情绪共享同样的神经行为机制。本研究试图研究积极和消极情绪是否表现出类似的面部表情。在情绪的最高峰时,可根据肢体语言而不是面部表情,成功地区别出积极与消极情绪。然而,当同时看到非诊断性的面部表情和肢体语言时,观察者却感知到错误的积极情绪或消极情绪。为了揭示潜在的机制,本研究制作了一个图片库,将紧张的消极表情与积极的肢体语言,积极的面部表情与消极的肢体语言结合起来。试验者感知到的情绪和模拟的面部表情根据图片中个体当时的肢体语言有条不紊地转换。这些发现对情绪表达的标准模型来说是一个挑战,同时强调了肢体语言在表达和感知情绪中的作用。

英文原稿


[Title]: Body Cues, Not Facial Expressions, Discriminate Between Intense Positive and Negative Emotions  

[Authors]: Hillel Aviezer, Yaacov Trope, and Alexander Todorov

[Abstract]: The distinction between positive and negative emotions is fundamental in emotion models. Intriguingly, neurobiological work suggests shared mechanisms across positive and negative emotions. We tested whether similar overlap occurs in real-life facial expressions. During peak intensities of emotion, positive and negative situations were successfully discriminated from isolated bodies but not faces. Nevertheless, viewers perceived illusory positivity or negativity in the nondiagnostic faces when seen with bodies. To reveal the underlying mechanisms, we created compounds of intense negative faces combined with positive bodies, and vice versa. Perceived affect and mimicry of the faces shifted systematically as a function of their contextual body emotion. These findings challenge standard models of emotion expression and highlight the role of the body in expressing and perceiving emotions.

原文地址

http://www.sciencemag.org/content/338/6111/1225.short

 

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